Is high dilution a myth?

“Thermoluminescence of ultra-high dilutions of lithium chloride & sodium chloride” - Lausanne, Switzerland.

Results:  “It was found that, despite their dilution beyond the Avogadro number, the emitted light was specific of the original salts dissolved initially.”
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“Is Aconite 30C (a homeopathic medicine without any particle of medicine in it: equal to water) placebo?” - Research Department, Paracelsus Hospital, Richterswil, Switzerland)

Results: “A clear difference between the reported short-term reactions of healthy subjects towards Aconitum napellus C30 and towards placebo was shown. The crossover design with intra-individual comparisons proved to be adequate to recognize the study preparations and for the statistical analysis of a small population sample”.                                                       READ MORE

“Physical modifications in the solvent of ultrahigh aqueous dilutions of histamine” - Nuclear Medicine Department of the General Hospital in Haguenau, France.

Results: “Unexpectedly, histamine dilutions remained distinguishable from solvents up to ultrahigh levels of dilution (beyond 10^-20 in Hist-Sal)...was suggested that stable supramolecular structures, involving nanobubbles of atmospheric gases and highly ordered water around them, were generated during the vigorous mechanical agitation step of the preparation, and destroyed after heating”.                                                                        READ MORE

“A nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy comparison of 3C trituration derived and 4C trituration derived remedies” - Department of Homoeopathy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Durban University of Technology, South Africa.

Results:  “...Trituration plays a part in the development of physicochemical properties specific to homoeopathic medicines. The higher the level of trituration, the more pronounced is the alteration of the physical structure of the active ingredient. The study concludes that 4cH potencies are physicochemically distinct from 3cH-derived potencies.”                 READ MORE

“Characterization of the structure of ultra dilute sols with remarkable
biological properties”- Materials Research Institute, Pennsylvania State University, USA.

“From this preliminary study, it is rather clear that even an ultradilute sol is indeed structurally different from the pure liquid solvent phase. The data on the ultradilute sols prepared with succussion, show clear differences between the differently treated samples.  This suggests that whether due to epitaxial effects, effects from the “pressure, 2nd phases, or nanobubbles caused by the succussion, the differences are real”.                                          READ MORE

“Electromagnetic signals are produced by aqueous nanostructures derived  from bacterial DNA sequences” - Nanectis Biotechnologies, France

“A novel property of DNA is described - The capacity of some bacterial DNA sequences to induce electromagnetic waves at high aqueous dilutions. It appears to be a resonance phenomenon triggered by the ambient electromagnetic background of very low frequency waves. The genomic DNA of most pathogenic bacteria contains sequences which are able to generate such signals...”                                                                              READ MORE

Extreme homeopathic dilutions retain starting materials: A nanoparticulate perspective - Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Mumbai, India

Homeopathy is controversial because medicines in high potencies such as 30c and 200c involve huge dilution factors (1060 and 10400 respectively) which are many orders of magnitude greater than Avogadro's number, so that theoretically there should be no measurable remnants of the starting materials. No hypothesis which predicts the retention of properties of starting materials has been proposed nor has any physical entity been shown to exist in these high potency medicines. Using market samples of metal-derived medicines from reputable manufacturers, we have demonstrated for the first time by Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), electron diffraction and chemical analysis by Inductively Coupled Plasma-Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES), the presence of physical entities in these extreme dilutions, in the form of nanoparticles of the starting metals and their aggregates.              READ MORE

Quasi-quantum phenomena: the key to understanding homeopathy - Department of Theoretical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Adam Mickiewicz University of Poznań, Poznań, Poland

“On the basis of the first- and second-order Gompertzian kinetics it has been proved that the crystallization and its reciprocal process of dissolution belong to the class of quasi-quantum non-local coherent phenomena. Hence, there exists a direct link to homeopathy: molecules of the remedy prepared in the process of dilution of the active substance are non-locally interconnected at-a-distance. The results obtained provide strong arguments justifying formulated ad hoc macroscopic versions of quantum non-locality, entanglement and coherence employed in interpretation of the homeopathic remedies activity and effectiveness. In particular they are consistent with the predictions of the weak quantum theory developed by Atmanspacher and coworkers”.
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